At the same time, the Court ruled that the school’s undergraduate process, which automatically awarded 20 points to minority applicants, was unconstitutional.
In two 2007 cases, , the Court ruled against programs that sought to use race as a “tiebreaker” for admission to oversubscribed public schools.
High school students from low-income families of all races are less likely to apply to universities.
National Bureau of Economic Research working paper, February 2015.
Instead, we present evidence consistent with the idea that Proposition 209 increased the signaling value of attending UC schools for minorities.” “The Effects of Affirmative Action Bans on College Enrollment, Educational Attainment and the Demographic Composition of Universities” Hinrichs, Peter. Abstract: “Based on research conducted during a large-scale European Commission project on international perspectives on positive/affirmative action measures, the authors provide a comparative analysis of the legal context and perceptions of the impact of positive action in the United Kingdom and the United States.
The study adopted participatory methods including consensus workshops, interviews, and legal analysis to obtain data from those individuals responsible for designing and implementing positive action measures.
The United States District Court heard in 2009 and ruled in favor of the university, as did the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit in 2011.
In February 2012 the Supreme Court agreed to hear the case and oral arguments took place in October 2012.
We then provide descriptive evidence on the extent of affirmative action in law schools, as well as a review of the contentious literature on how affirmative action affects URM student performance in law school.
We present a simple selection model that we argue provides a useful framework for interpreting the disparate findings in this literature.