Legislation also selects chronological age as the universal measure of biological and psychological maturity, and it rejects cultural and social meanings attached to local systems of age ranking (La Fontaine 1978).
More specifically, it denies the value of an early introduction to artisanal crafts or traditional occupations that may be crucial in a child’s socialization.
In this essay you will learn about Child Labour in India. This denial of their capacity to legitimately act upon their environment by undertaking valuable work makes children altogether dependent upon entitlements guaranteed by the state.
The emerging paradox is that the moral condemnation of child labour assumes that children’s place in modern society must perforce be one of dependency and passivity.
These are some of the reasons why the industrial countries, despite much lip service to the contrary, have not succeeded in eliminating all forms of child work.
Given the factory origins of the notion of child labour, it is hardly surprising that children’s work in the erstwhile colonies caused no concern.While some believe compulsory education was the single most important instrument leading to the elimination of child labour, others have argued that changes in the perceived roles of children and the increase in family income, played a more decisive role.Progressive state legislation has marked the major steps of child labour abolition in the West.First, in the section on Approaches to Children’s Work, Olga Nieuwenhuys argues that from its inception the notion of child labour has been associated with factory work and hence was limited to western countries.The interest in children’s work in the developing world can be traced back to theories of socialization, a preoccupation with population growth, and unfair economic competition.Approaches to children’s work undertaken from the anthropological perspective highlight the very complex interplay of gender and age in determining a child’s work allocation.Third, in the section The Negotiation of Childhood, is proposed to enlarge the notion of children’s exploitation to include the more mundane aspects of work.Finally, it is outlined that the direction future research should take to enable us to understand not only how children’s work is negotiated and acquires its meaning but children’s own agency therein.The recent concern with child labour draws on a shared understanding among development experts of how, from the mid-nineteenth century onward, western industrial society began to eliminate through legislation the exploitation of children.Many countries in the world have now either ratified or adopted modified versions of child labour legislation prepared and propagated by the International Labour Organization (ILO) (ILO 1988, 1991). Legislation links child labour quite arbitrarily to work in the factory and excludes a wide range of non-factory work.It therefore sanctifies unpaid work in the home or under parental supervision, regardless of its implications for the child.