’s free newsletters."data-newsletterpromo-image="https://static.scientificamerican.com/sciam/cache/file/458BF87F-514B-44EE-B87F5D531772CF83_source.png"data-newsletterpromo-button-text="Sign Up"data-newsletterpromo-button-link="https:// origincode=2018_sciam_Article Promo_Newsletter Sign Up"name="article Body" itemprop="article Body"which became the foundation of computer science.In it Turing presented a theoretical machine that could solve any problem that could be described by simple instructions encoded on a paper tape.As the 1950s progressed business was quick to see the benefits of computers and business computing became a new industry.Tags: Essay On How I Spent My Summer Vacation 150 WordsEssay About College StudentsBest Dental School Personal StatementsWriting Paper For StudentsEmory Full Time Mba EssaysWriting CreativeTopics In Research Paper
Car manufacturers are developing cars that drive themselves; some U. states are drafting legislation that would allow autonomous vehicles on the roads. In 1952 Turing was prosecuted for gross indecency, as being gay was then a crime in Britain. It’s believed that this caused depression, and in 1954 Turing committed suicide by eating an apple poisoned with cyanide.
Outside of academia Turing remained virtually unknown because his World War II work was top-secret.
Turing designed an electromechanical machine, called the Bombe, that searched through the permutations, and by the end of the war the British were able to read all daily German Naval Enigma traffic.
It has been reported that Eisenhower said the contribution of Turing and others at Bletchley shortened the war by as much as two years, saving millions of lives.
Car satellite navigation systems and Google search algorithms use AI.
Apple’s Siri on the i Phone can understand your voice and intelligently respond.
If the judge is wrong the computer has passed the Turing Test and is intelligent.
Although Turing’s vision of AI has not yet been achieved, aspects of AI are increasingly entering our daily lives.
Ian Watson is an Associate Professor of Artificial Intelligence at the University of Auckland, New Zealand where he researches in machine learning and Game AI.
Ian has just written a popular science book called The Universal Machine - from the dawn of computing to digital consciousness.