Modernization had two practical purposes in the 1950s and 60s; they include to analyse the academic program so as to bring to an end to communism and secondly to give third world nations with a plan to achieve development of a stable, free and content world through the use of science, rationality, enlightenment, capitalist democracy and capitalistic free market .
The modernization was characterized in the 1950s and 60s by the split in the development in the modern and tradition period.
In this period other terms were associated with modernization; they include westernization, electrification, mechanization, fashionable, and modern .
Nevertheless, it was until the 1950s and 60s that the concept of modernization became accepted and used.
Just as the fight to be superpowers continues, the west and east continue to outdo each other in other aspects.
The concept of modernization means an evolution from traditional society practices to modern social status .The changes have been witnessed in the political, economic production and social systems.In addition, it has also been reflected in the way of thinking and behavior of the people .Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UK Essays.The battle between the east and the west still continues as each try to preserve its culture and assert its powers.This has remained a contentious issue when the east is approached to adopt policies from the west .They view this as colonization from the west which is blocked in every possible way.This paper tackles the question: Does modernization mean Westernization?It seeks to find out whether there are ways of becoming modern that are informed by different civilization logic.Consequently the changes contributed to the present day modernization.The Chinese Situation In China, modernization came into light during the new culture movement.