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Introduction In this term paper, I will be discussing the disorder of Autism, a sever disorder that affects the function of the brain.It causes problems in such areas as social contact, intelligence, language and speech impediments, along with ritualistic or compulsive behaviors, as well as different responses to the environment that an autistic individual may have different than individuals not having autism would exhibit.
Some studies have found that abnormalities in many parts of the brain have almost always occurred during the time of fetal development.
The problem may be centered in the parts of the brain responsible for processing language and information from your senses. Twins that are identical are more likely to be both affected by autism then twins of a fraternal nature.
The gene may be just one of at least three of 5 genes that interact in some way to cause the condition.
Scientist suspect that a faulty gene or genes may make a person vulnerable to develop autism in the presence of other factors, such as chemical imbalance, viruses or chemicals, or a lack or oxygen at birth.
In a family who has one autistic child, the chances of having another child that has autism is about one in twenty, much more greater then the population of families who do not have a autistic child.
In some cases, there are relatives of an autistic child who my display the mild behaviors that are very similar to the autistic individual in the family, such as repetitive behaviors and social or communication problems.I will be giving this information to you by going through each topic that I have outlined in the introduction and explaining what each means and how they affect an individual with autism.Definition of Autism Before anything else, I feel that I should give a scientific definition of Autism.Such individuals were once referred to as “idiot savants”, but now that the world has expanded and realized their ignorance, they are now called “autistic savants”.Affected Age Group Autism is usually found in a individual within the first three years of life, but can be not seen for very long after that.It is four times more often in boys (usually more often than not, the first born) and it does not discriminate (occurs around the world in all races and social backgrounds).While a individual can have symptoms ranging from the very mild to sever, around have an extraordinary ability in one area of the 9 multiple intelligences, such as mathematics, music, memory, or art.Babies with the disorder will not be as cuddly as usual. They may not even smile or lift their arms in the situation of being picked up by a parent like a baby without autism would.They may not form a bond with the parents and also may not show any or little anxiety toward people that they do not know.Problems of an emotional nature (such as manic depression) occur most often in families of an individual with autism.There is a link between one abnormal gene and autism.