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However, he believes introducing military service to end all social problems is not the right decision. On the other hand, Hicham Mouatadid said the military service has benefits: “the honor of defending the Moroccan homeland, the contribution to peace in the world, [and] participation in the effort of the development of their country.”He said that military service is one way to ensure “national cohesion, a formative and professional measure, and above all a duty of defense of the nation.”Nizar agreed that patriotism entails both rights and duties and that “there can be no rights without duties.”However, Nizar told MWN, “We cannot talk about patriotism” because Morocco lacks the “most basic rights.”“In the democratic world as a whole, we find youth at the forefront and in the most prominent positions in all sectors because those countries provide them with the possibilities and opportunities for success and did not question their patriotism,” he said.Professor Cherkaoui, however, sees the government’s move to re-introduce compulsory service as a mobilization for potential developments in the Western Sahara conflict.Over the summer, many Moroccan youth attempted to cross the Mediterranean in flimsy boats to reach the Eldorado.
“Can not this ‘better life’ be granted to Morocco or are there things that prevent this?
”El Khalfi asserted earlier this month that Morocco has “great job opportunities,” emphasizing the government’s determination to fight migration networks.
While struggling with Rif and Jrada protests, controversial sentences of activists and arrest of journalists, resilient Boycott Movement, and other aspects of deepening social malaise,” he said.
According to Cherkaoui, “Certain centers of power in Rabat thought the military service could be an ‘innovative’ strategy of containing the multi-layered crisis and shifting the public discourse.”The professor also questioned whether the bill would mitigate social inequality in the country. At the end of the 12-month training period, young people who completed the service would receive payment, according to Article 5 of the bill.
From the group’s point of view, military service cannot help solve young people’s issues.“It remains merely a patchwork solution that shows the inability of the state to solve basic problems,” the statement reads.
On September 20, El Khalfi said that if passed in Parliament, the military service bill might come into force as early as the end of 2019.While the southern provinces decried a lack of drinking water in April, Morocco’s north witnessed protests against unemployment and a lack of medical facilities in the Al Hoceima province in 20.Jerada, an eastern city near Oujda, also saw massive protests against risky mine work.Article 6 of Bill 44.18 on mandatory military service also promises to reward conscripts with grades according to the Royal Armed Forces’ current hierarchy standards.The bill may also call conscripts with technical and professional skills to fulfill specific missions within the military administration after completing the training.The party also called on the government to communicate with people.According to Nizar, mandatory service may bear fruit if the government issues a full package with reforms in all sectors.Bringing back military conscription “presupposes a would-be escalation of the Sahara conflict, and the State needs to secure additional forces by training male and female young citizens on how to bear arms, a classical overplay of the card of patriotism,” he said.Cherkaoui, who is also a former member of the United Nation’s Panel of Experts, added that some people believe that this “is not a far-fetched hypothesis if we consider the temporality of the decision three months before the UN Security Council decides the fate of the MINURSO peacekeeping force.”However, Cherkaoui acknowledged that others would disagree and respond, “Various geopolitical indicators contest the validity of such a hypothesis.”To keep youth at home Could conscription keep more young Moroccans at home?C, remains skeptical that military service would solve the social crises in Morocco.The professor commented on the government’s statement that the military service aims to “promote patriotism.” Cherkaoui told MWN the statement “remains vague and reveals a deliberate move to make one tree prevent the view of the entire forest.”Cherkaoui speculated, “The decision remains a default tool of managing the acute crisis of Moroccan polity.