When the Declaration was adopted, officers of the Continental Army read the document to the soldiers.For Washington, the decision for independence came as welcome news, especially since his men would now fight not merely in defense of their colonies but for the birth of a new nation.On June 11 consideration of the Lee Resolution was postponed by a vote of seven colonies to five, with New York abstaining. The tone of the debate indicated that at the end of that time the Lee Resolution would be adopted.
He concluded that Americans would have to rely on the "Being who controls both Causes and Events to bring about his own determination," a sentiment which Washington shared.
For the commander-in-chief, who needed to lead his untrained army against Great Britain, the decision for independence came as welcome news, especially since his men would now fight not merely in defense of their colonies but for the birth of a new nation.
The committee consisted of two New England men, John Adams of Massachusetts and Roger Sherman of Connecticut; two men from the Middle Colonies, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania and Robert R. I then wrote a fair copy, reported it to the committee, and from them, unaltered to the Congress." (If Jefferson did make a "fair copy," incorporating the changes made by Franklin and Adams, it has not been preserved.
Livingston of New York; and one southerner, Thomas Jefferson of Virginia. It may have been the copy that was amended by the Congress and used for printing, but in any case, it has not survived.
To those who believed peace commissioners were on their way to the colonies to effect this reconciliation, Washington responded that the only people heading to the colonies were Hessian mercenaries.
Even as his men waited to hear the proclamation read aloud to them, Washington knew that thousands of Hessians and even more redcoats were landing on Staten Island, preparing for an attack on New York.In June 1775 the Congress established the Continental Army as well as a continental currency.By the end of July of that year, it created a post office for the "United Colonies." In August 1775 a royal proclamation declared that the King's American subjects were "engaged in open and avowed rebellion." Later that year, Parliament passed the American Prohibitory Act, which made all American vessels and cargoes forfeit to the Crown.On the evening of July 9, 1776, thousands of Continental soldiers who had come from Boston to defend New York City from the British marched to the parade grounds in Lower Manhattan.General George Washington had ordered them to assemble promptly at six o'clock to hear a declaration approved by the Continental Congress calling for American independence from Great Britain.A "Resolution for the Formation of Local Governments" was passed on May 10, 1776.At the same time, more of the colonists themselves were becoming convinced of the inevitability of independence.Washington, like many others in the army, had been waiting for this declaration for some time.He had grown impatient with representatives who hoped for reconciliation with the mother country.When the Second Continental Congress, which was essentially the government of the United States from 1775 to 1788, first met in May 1775, King George III had not replied to the petition for redress of grievances that he had been sent by the First Continental Congress.The Congress gradually took on the responsibilities of a national government.