In the book, Freud views civilization as emerging form the destructive and constructive nature of man.
Two opposing forces that Freud names Eros and Thanatos take center stage in this book.
Civilization and Its Discontent was Freud's last major work.
It also happened to be the most influential of his works.
The first chapter of Freud's book begins with a criticism of religion.
Freud views religion as a way in which human being deal with psychological issues that constantly face them.
This natural instinct to belong to a group, Freud argues, is the cause of civilization.
The general nature of Freud's work on civilization is riddled with pessimism.
Freud argues that for man to share in the joys of civilization, feelings of aggression are turned towards oneself. Consequently, the superego allows the individual to share in society.
However, these feelings may be turned outwards, which results in war.