Christianity, writes White, “bears a huge burden of guilt” for the destruction of the environment.
White believed that science and technology could not solve the ecological problems they had created; our anthropocentric Christian heritage is too deeply ingrained.
Others seek through science the ultimate answers of our origins, or dream of high-tech transcendence by merging with machines — either approach depending not on rationalism alone but on a faith in the goodness of what rationalism can offer.
For some individuals and societies, the role of religion seems increasingly to be filled by environmentalism.
The rejection of traditional religion in these quarters has created a vacuum unlikely to go unfilled; human nature seems to demand a search for order and meaning, and nowadays there is no shortage of options on the menu of belief.
Some searchers syncretize Judeo-Christian theology with Eastern or New Age spiritualism.
In parts of northern Europe, this new faith is now the mainstream.
“Denmark and Sweden float along like small, content, durable dinghies of secular life, where most people are nonreligious and don’t worship Jesus or Vishnu, don’t revere sacred texts, don’t pray, and don’t give much credence to the essential dogmas of the world’s great faiths,” observes Phil Zuckerman in his 2008 book .
Sustainability is salvation in the church of the environment.
Just as organic food is its communion, that pesticide-free wafer that the right people with the right beliefs, imbibe.