This is shown in the following diagram: The chain network is a typical communication pattern in a vertical hierarchy, in which most communication travels up and down the chain of command.
Each person in a circle network communicates with the people on both sides but not with anyone else.
Information on the communication networks are given below: Communication links individuals and groups in a social system.
Initially, task-related communication links develop in an institution so that subordinates can get the information they need to carryout, their work and co-ordinate different tasks with that of their colleagues.
Downward-directed messages are usually directives from the principal and are accepted at face value.
On the other hand, upward-directed messages consist of information from teachers sometimes aimed at maximizing their own gains.
There is also a likelihood of information distortion in the upward flow.
Downward communication is necessary in all institutions.
Over a long period, these communication relationships become a sophisticated social system comprising of both small-group communication networks and a larger institutional network.
A communication network is composed of a specific body of individuals who are interconnected as links in the communication flow.