The research involved a series of interviews with students, teachers, and administrators, as well as a survey of a total of 128 juniors from two private high schools.About half of the students said they received at least three hours of homework per night.
Experts continue to debate the benefits and drawbacks of homework.
But according to an article published this year in Monitor on Psychology, there’s one thing they agree on: the quality of homework assignments matters.
In the Stanford study, many students said that they often did homework they saw as "pointless" or "mindless." Pope, who co-authored that study, argued that homework assignments should have a purpose and benefit, and should be designed to cultivate learning and development.
It’s also important for schools and teachers to stick to the 10-minutes per grade standard.
And all those extra assignments may lead to family stress, especially when parents with limited education aren’t confident in their ability to talk with the school about their child’s work.
Some parents, in fact, have decided to opt out of the whole thing.The researchers also found that spending too much time on homework meant that students were not meeting their developmental needs or cultivating other critical life skills.Students were more likely to forgo activities, stop seeing friends or family, and not participate in hobbies.Research suggests that when students are pushed to handle a workload that’s out of sync with their development level, it can lead to significant stress — for children and their parents.Both the National Education Association (NEA) and the National PTA (NPTA) support a standard of “10 minutes of homework per grade level” and setting a general limit on after-school studying.When it came to stress, more than 70 percent of students said they were “often or always stressed over schoolwork,” with 56 percent listing homework as a primary stressor.Less than 1 percent of the students said homework was not a stressor.They reported having little time for relaxing or creative activities.More than two-thirds of students said they used alcohol and drugs, primarily marijuana, to cope with stress.The Washington Post reported in 2016 that some parents have just instructed their younger children not to do their homework assignments.They report the no-homework policy has taken the stress out of their afternoons and evenings.