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Neil Davidson argues that Scotland experienced a revolution during this period that has rarely been recognised in the existing historiography.Davidson explores the political and economic changes of these years, revealing how social and economic power was transferred from one class to another.James’s overt Roman Catholicism, his suspension of the legal rights of Dissenters, and the birth of a Catholic heir to the throne raised discontent among many, particularly non-Catholics. The birth of his son in June raised the likelihood of a Catholic heir to the throne and helped bring discontent to a head.
The decisive period was instead the aftermath of the last Jacobite revolt in 1746, whose failure was integral to the survival and consolidation of British, and ultimately global capitalism. From Hanoverian Succession to Incorporating Union, 1700-17074.
Scotland and the British State: From Crisis to Consolidation, 1708-17165.
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The Glorious Revolution refers to the events of 1688–89 that saw King James II of England deposed and succeeded by one of his daughters and her husband. In 1688 King James II of England, a Roman Catholic king who was already at odds with non-Catholics in England, took actions that further alienated that group.
He arrived in November, and James fled the next month.
In April 1689 William and Mary were crowned joint rulers of the kingdom of England.
In 1687 he issued a Declaration of Indulgence, suspending the penal laws against Dissenters and recusants, and in April 1688 ordered that a second Declaration of Indulgence be read from every pulpit on two successive Sundays.
William Sancroft, the archbishop of Canterbury, and six other bishops petitioned him against this and were prosecuted for seditious libel.
Their acquittal almost coincided with the birth of a son to James’s Roman Catholic queen, Mary of Modena (June).
This event promised an indefinite continuance of his policy and brought discontent to a head.