Synthesise And Collate

If you are interested in giving a seminar to our members or support hosting an event please contact [email protected] developing findings and conclusions from their studies, researchers are making ‘evidence claims’.

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There are many types of outputs that use evidence synthesis, such as policy briefs, systematic reviews, clinical practice guidelines and so on.

Synthesis methods can include bringing together published and grey literature and stakeholder input.

Thomas et al (2012) argue that there is a spectrum of synthesis methods, from more aggregative (trying to bring together a set of experimental findings on one or more outcomes) to configurative (trying to bring together diverse evidence to provide an overall picture of what the literature looks like in a particular area; more akin to assembling a jigsaw puzzle): Use of content analysis to conduct knowledge-building and theory-generating qualitative systematic reviews A systematic review and content analysis of bullying and cyber-bullying measurement strategies Public acceptability of government intervention to change health-related behaviours: a systematic review and narrative synthesis Electronic consultations (e-consults) to improve access to specialty care: A systematic review and narrative synthesis Mass deworming for soil-transmitted helminths and schistosomiasis among pregnant women: a systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis What Happens to Patterns of Food Consumption when Food Prices Change?

Evidence from A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis of Food Price Elasticities Globally Methods for the thematic synthesis of qualitative research in systematic reviews Qualitative synthesis: A guide to conducting a meta-ethnography Conducting a critical interpretive synthesis of the literature on access to healthcare by vulnerable groups Storylines of research in diffusion of innovation: a meta-narrative approach to systematic review There have been recent calls to ensure that systematic reviews become more responsive to policy and public needs through greater inclusion and transparency.

They also have many methodological publications covering topics such as user involvement, text mining, information management, searching and synthesising studies, quality and critical appraisal, and using evidence.

Moving from systematic review evidence to making recommendations is not a straightforward process.

There is a proliferation of terms used to describe different kinds of reviews; the most important thing is to be transparent and clear about your aims, methods, and reporting.

In the same way that methods used in primary research will depend upon the research question, the type of evidence review and synthesis method will also be determined by the question or topic it seeks to address.

The aim is to go beyond testing the trustworthiness (quality appraisal ) of individual studies to discuss the ways in which evidence standards are used to make evidence claims to inform decisions in policy, practice, and personal decision making.

Realist synthesis is an approach to systematic review which explicitly aims to identify and refine programme theory – that is, develop explanations of how and why programmes ‘work’.


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