Technical Education In Nepal Essay

Technical Education In Nepal Essay-70
In recent years, Nepal has witnessed a violent 10-year insurgency of Maoist rebels (from 1996 to 2006) and the temporary re-establishment of absolute monarchy in a royal in 2001.A 2006 peace agreement paved the way for the eventual re-democratization of the political system, culminating in the first parliamentary elections in Nepal in 17 years in 2017.The evolution of the political system is also seen as instrumental in pushing education reforms.

In recent years, Nepal has witnessed a violent 10-year insurgency of Maoist rebels (from 1996 to 2006) and the temporary re-establishment of absolute monarchy in a royal in 2001.A 2006 peace agreement paved the way for the eventual re-democratization of the political system, culminating in the first parliamentary elections in Nepal in 17 years in 2017.The evolution of the political system is also seen as instrumental in pushing education reforms.

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The mountainous terrain of the land-locked country presents tremendous challenges for socioeconomic development and makes it difficult and costly to expand Nepal’s infrastructure.

In 2015, Nepal remained one of the least developed countries in Asia and ranked 144th out of 188 countries in the UN Human Development Index.

Nepali society is still largely agricultural and highly stratified, with upper caste Hindu elites dominating a multicultural society that includes 125 ethnic groups/castes speaking 123 languages (according to the latest 2011 census).

Only 44.6 percent of the population speaks Nepali, the national language of Nepal, as their first language.

One year after the quake, more than 70 percent of affected people in the hardest hit areas still lived in temporary shelters.

Many children had to be instructed in makeshift tents, resulting in a noticeable increase in dropout and grade repetition rates.

Nepal is an increasingly important sending country for international students.

In the United States, the number of Nepali students increased by more than 20 percent in 2016/17, the highest growth rate among the top 25 sending countries by far.

Although Hindus constitute a majority of 81.3 percent of the population, there are deep caste divisions within the Hindu populace.

The marginalization and deprivation of lower castes, most notably the (“untouchables”) and other groups like Buddhists and Muslims (10 and 4 percent of the population, respectively), has been a source of conflict for decades.

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