SOMETIME DURING OCTOBER 31, 1517, the day before the Feast of All Saints, the 33-year-old Martin Luther posted theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.Luther was calling for a “disputation on the power and efficacy of indulgences out of love and zeal for truth and the desire to bring it to light.” He did so as a faithful monk and priest who had been appointed professor of biblical theology at the University of Wittenberg, a small, virtually unknown institution in a small town.
SOMETIME DURING OCTOBER 31, 1517, the day before the Feast of All Saints, the 33-year-old Martin Luther posted theses on the door of the Castle Church in Wittenberg.Luther was calling for a “disputation on the power and efficacy of indulgences out of love and zeal for truth and the desire to bring it to light.” He did so as a faithful monk and priest who had been appointed professor of biblical theology at the University of Wittenberg, a small, virtually unknown institution in a small town.Abuses soon abounded: “permits” were issued offering release from all temporal punishment—indeed, from punishment in purgatory—for a specific payment as determined by the church.Tags: Student Assignment PlannerFootball Writing PaperArgument Essay Thesis StatementThesis Binding RequirementsThesis Statement On Mobile ComputingCreative Writing Activities For 4th GradersOffshore Drilling Essay TitlesEssays On Biodiversity And ConservationHow To Write An Application PaperDissertation Help Sponsered
So here it goes, the Top 5: In the first Thesis Luther says, “When our Lord and Master Jesus Christ said ‘repent’ He intended that the entire life of believers should be repentance.” Now after Luther wrote the 95 Theses, he also wrote a document called “Explanation of the 95 Theses,” and in that text he explains that this word “repent” in the Latin Vulgate was translated as , which means, translated, as “Go, and do penance.” The year before 1517, in 1516, Erasmus published the Greek text and Luther had a copy of that Greek text. So this return to Scripture had an immediate impact on the very first of Luther’s 95 Theses. Now we need a little background for this one as well.
In Thesis number 27, Luther says, “They preach man made doctrines who say that it’s so soon as the coin jingles into the money box, the soul flies out of purgatory.” Now this is a reference to Tetzel.
The door functioned as a bulletin board for various announcements related to academic and church affairs.
The theses were written in Latin and printed on a folio sheet by the printer John Gruenenberg, one of the many entrepreneurs in the new print medium first used in Germany about 1450.
Let’s go back to the year 1517, for All Saints’ Day, November 1, 1517, a display of newly acquired relics was scheduled for the church at Wittenberg.
In the church calendar, November 1 was known as “All Saints’ Day.” That makes October 31 the eve of All Saints’ Day, or “All Hallowed Eve.” We know it by its short name, .
Luther attacked the abuse of indulgence sales in sermons, in counseling sessions, and, finally, in the , which rang out the revolutionary theme of the Reformation: “When our Lord and Master Jesus Christ said, ‘Repent,’ He willed the entire life of believers to be one of repentance” (Thesis 1).
By 1520, Luther announced that baptism is the only indulgence necessary for salvation.
Tetzel was an enterprising monk who was selling indulgences, and he even came up with an advertising jingle, and in German it had a rhyme to it. So Luther is picking up on that to say this is a man made doctrine. In Thesis 50 Luther says, “Christians are to be taught that if the pope knew the exactions of the indulgence-preachers he would rather that St.
Peter’s church should go to ashes than that it should be built up with the skin, flesh, and bones of his sheep.” Now we’re getting to the real reason behind Tetzel’s indulgence sale. “Away then with all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, ‘Peace, peace,’ and there is no peace.