Nanotechnology originated in India around 16 years back.
This new sphere of scientific innovation has a broader scope.
This development led to the discovery of fullerenes in 1985 and carbon nanotubes a few years later.
In another development, the synthesis and properties of semiconductor nanocrystals was studied; this led to a fast increasing number of metal and metal oxide nanoparticles and quantum dots.
As the name indicates, the fundamental unit in any nanotechnology system is a nanometer, nm, which is one billionth part of a meter.
Nanotechnology research shows that at such micro level, the physical, chemical and biological properties of materials are different from what they were at large scale.
This basic idea appeared plausible, and exponential assembly enhances it with parallelism to produce a useful quantity of end products.
The term “nanotechnology” was defined by Tokyo Science University Professor Norio Taniguchi in a 1974 paper as follows “‘Nano-technology’ mainly consists of the processing of, separation, consolidation, and deformation of materials by one atom or by one molecule.” In the 1980s the basic idea of this definition was explored in much more depth by Dr. Eric Drexler, who promoted the technological significance of nano-scale phenomena and devices through speeches and the books Engines of Creation: The Coming Era of Nanotechnology (1986) and Nanosystems: Molecular Machinery, Manufacturing, and Computation, and so the term acquired its current sense.
Based on this concept, researchers have been able to develop a myriad of nanomaterials with amazing properties.
The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, also known as CSIR has set up 38 laboratories in India dedicated to research in Nanotechnology.